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Husbandry of Green Peafowl, Pavo Muticus





Regarding the husbandry conditions, all subspecies of green peafowl are the same. They are not hardy in our region and well territorial, you have to have a cot with an enclosed aviary as basic condition.




For a breeding pair the facility with cot and enclosed aviary should have a size of 60 to 80 square meters. The whole should be designed that the fox is not able to dig in. Depending on the situation, the fox is visiting you during the day. Especially in spring, when he has puppies  in his hole, it is the greatest risk and if he is in the aviary your peafowl have no chance. Then the closed cot for the night doesn’t help any more.




Green peafowl are the most part of the year are very quiet contemporaries, of whom you can hardly hear something. Only in the mating season from March to June you can here sometimes the of the cocks. Due to the closed cot in the night any noise disturbances during the night are excluded.
Generally green peafowl are calling very rarely compared to Indian blue peacocks. Additionally the voice is much deeper and not so pervasive.




Due to these reasons, green peafowls, unless you're just in a purely residential area, are easily kept. The basic is of course that there is enough space, a cot and an aviary available.




In most cases you need for the cot and the aviary a building permit. In order to get any problems, it is advisable to discuss your project  briefly with the neighbours. It is not advisable to make the whole without building permission. Should you have once a complaint, you have serious problems with your public authorities. The authorities will require that you will break down then everything and there is no way to defend themselves, because no facility also means no green peafowl.






Since green peafowl are not hardy and they therefore often have to stay in the winter for a long time in the cot, the cot should meet the following basic requirements.




1. Frost proof
The temperature in the cot should not be below 5 °C even during a frost period. Therefore a good insulation of the walls and ceiling is important to minimise the heating costs. You also have to ensure that the cot is tight and there is not any bass runs, because then even the best insulation helps nothing.
For heating you can use a commercial electric frost protection device. Ideally, of course is a connection to the central heating of the house.




2. Bright and light
Because during the dark winter months they often have to stay all day in the cot, which should be light and lighting. So that the animals are provided in winter with the metabolism necessary UV radiation,  for the lighting Arcadia Bird Lamps shall be used.




3. Spacious and humanely
The cot has to be so large that the animals held therein can move enough on the ground. In addition, make sure that a high perch is inside. The best is, if you have in addition a single perches on which a single animals can be when it comes to tensions.




4. Dry and paved ground
Since the animals in the winter for an extended period are exclusively confined in the cot, it has to be dry, otherwise it can lead to the spread of mould and other dangerous germs.
So that the animals are busy during the day, you should also grounding with straw in which you strew in frequently some seeds. This is of course only possible if the cot floor is dry.




Anyone who would like to have more detailed information about the cot and the setting up will find it here at
detailed information for a green peafowl cot






Since green peafowl are not well territorial, they must necessarily be kept in a closed aviary. The size must of course be adapted to the number of animals kept. This area is at least 60 m2 aviary for a breeding pair. With an increasing number of these animals the aviary has to be increased of course.




The aviary should be covered with grass and be protected against the ingress of predators such as foxes, etc.




In the aviary, there should be shade, sun, and a perch. The hole for sand bathing the animals normally are selecting and made by themselves. You can offer them a place for it. But we have found that they were still looking for this mostly by himself.




Anyone who would like to have more detailed information about the aviary will find it here at
detailed information for a green peafowl aviary






Due to the aviary, the animals are unable to seek the necessary balanced feed themselves. So you have to offer the animals the needed balanced forage




Peafowls are eating much grass and it should be always available in the aviaries. Additionally you can give them also some herbs, especially oregano has a very positive influence for the digestion. Oregano also helps against coccidia. As forage you should offer the peafowl a mixture of:
 - Small vessel with a mixture of minerals and grit
 - Wild birds feed in pellet form
 - Streptopelia feed (many seeds) so that the gizzard has something to do
 - Regularly some fruit and vegetables
Of course you have to take care that everything is eaten. If only one of these things being eaten, then you have the ration, forcing the animals to eat other things too.




Of course you can also always offer the animals a few treats. This they should get directly from the holder. This strengthens the trust and makes the animals more trusting. As it is with any animal it is also the same with peacocks, the trust must be earned. As treats we use:
 - Mealworms
 - Peanuts
 - Pancake
 Here you can experiment a bit to find out what your peacocks are really like.






In the wild, the hen lays 4-6 eggs in a hidden dell in the ground. Then she lays one egg every two days. Once the last egg is laid, the hen is starting to incubate the eggs and which are hatched them in 28 days. For hatching, we offer the green peafowl hens a box which we hang on the wall in the cot. That seems like a hiding place for the animals and protects them from all major disturbances to the other animals in the enclosure.
Peafowl hens are good mothers, carry their young until the next matting season in the following year. Since the feathers of the green peafowl hens and cocks are very similar, it takes up to 6 months until the sex can be reliably determined. All the details on which one you can determine the sex are described in the gallery of the species.

 If you are interested in more details on the hatching and breeding, so they can find it in
detailed information regarding hatching and breeding of green peafowl